Least Developed Countries

This element encompasses forty-five countries that”exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world,”(Wikipedia) according to the United Nations. There are three categories which a LDC must fall under: first is low income, second is human resource weakness which is based on health, nutrition, adult literacy, and education, and third is economic vulnerability. The Least Developed Countries of the world include: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, East Timor, Laos, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Yemen Haiti, Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.
It is believed that Least Developed Counties are most vulnerable to climate change because there is not much that they can do to prevent the issue from happening. Most LDCs do not have the money or resources to be putting carbon and pollutants into the air. The affects of climate change also hit the LDCs of most because many of LDCs populations and industries (if they have any) are located in costal areas that will physically see and feel the affects of changing climate such as flooding, rising sea levels, monsoons, and tsunamis. LDCs are very concerned on how they are going to fight this world wide issue with their economic problems. These countries are interested in preventing further climate change as much as Most Developed Countries are, they just have no way of being able to take the steps to get there.
The main issue with Least Developed Counties the fact that these countries are financially struggling and unable to join MDC’s in preventing climate change by cutting emissions and burning less fossil fuels. “At the global level, the study recommended that these countries be provided adequate financial and technical support to better deal with climate change and that partnerships with international organizations be established to aid LDCs and SIDS. Meanwhile, the report suggested that at the national level, these countries demand that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (**IPCC**) publish a report specific to their situation.” (un.org) This direct quote from the UN website helps to show how the UN has brought up the idea to MDCs to make policies with the idea of helping LDCs with these climate change issues. Thus far, in 2005 the UK came up with the G8 plan to help those countries struggling with climate change issues. They helped countries be educating them on the issue, sharing adaptation plans, by providing tools for assessment, and by providing financial aid. The UNFCCC has a fund specifically for helping LDCs reach there climate change goal needs. The NAPAs, the National Adaptation Programmes of Action, has also been set up for LDCs through the UNFCCC. “NAPAs (National Adaptation Programmes of Action) provide a process for Least Develop Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs with regard to adaptation to climate change. The rationale for NAPAs rests on the limited ability of LDCs to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.” (unfccc.int)