Biogeochemical Basics- What is the problem?


Elements of Biogeochemical Basics-
Human activity have been increasing the amount of greenhouse gases within the atmosphere, such as Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Chlorofluorocarbons, Nitrous Oxide. These gases have been on the rise since the industrial revolution, because of the burning of fossil fuels. Because of the increased amount of greenhouse gases, the earth’s surface temperature has already risen 1.4°F. Rising global temperatures cause glaciers to melt, flooding low lying countries; Storms will become more violent and sporadic, causing more property damage; Permafrost will melt, releasing massive amounts of methane into the air acting as positive feedback that will speed up climate change, and result in sinking houses, weakened roads, pipelines, and roads.

Stakeholders-
· Island nations at low elevations and low lying coastal nations are threatened by rising sea-levels
· Residents of permafrost areas who are a risk of losing their homes along with roads, pipelines, and runways.
· People who live off glacial runoff will lose their water supply due to melting supplies

Key Issues-
· Greenhouse effect- Light from the sun hits atmosphere and is trapped by the atmosphere, heating the earth’s surface. With the addition of more greenhouse gases, this affect is amplified and the atmosphere’s heat retaining abilities increase.
· Use of Fossil Fuels- the burning of fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and creates black soot which coats glaciers and ice, absorbing solar radiation and melting them far faster.
· Deforestation- the cutting down and burning of forests leads to massive releases of carbon dioxide, in addition to black carbon soot which is released into the atmosphere and absorbing solar radiation. Without forests, we are left with one less carbon sink.
· Permafrost feedback- as the earth heats up, permafrost will melt and the predominantly marshy north will unfreeze, leading to a massive release of methane. Since methane is 20 times more effective than carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas, climate change would simply increase at a faster rate.
Online Pc Repair
Solutions-
· Cap and trade laws- legislation to dissuade companies from having high emissions, allowing them to buy and sell excess emissions credits they have to meet emissions requirements or make money.
· Carbon Taxes- taxes imposed upon creation of emissions, as to encourage reduction.
· Sharing energy technologies- as to reduce global emissions
· Energy Efficient Technology- fuel-efficient cars, energy efficient appliances, etc. all help reduce the carbon footprint and slow climate change.