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What is Annex I of the CMP?


The CMP is the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. Annex I is a group of those parties consisting of developed nations, including Australia, Germany, and the US. These countries have agreed to work toward the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improve their greenhouse gas (GHG) sinks and reservoirs.

Viewpoints of Some Stakeholders:
Australia:

Australia's stakes in being listed in Annex I are found in their National Inventory Report (NIR). Their largest stake is in their GHG emissions from stationary energy, consisting of 53.9% of their total emissions1. Stationary energy is all energy production and consumption including electricity and direct uses of energy for heating and industrial processes but excluding transport2.

Oil Companies:

Oil Companies have large stakes in anything to do with GHG emissions because a reduction in GHGs often means a reduced amount of their product used. In 2007 approx. 97% (5735.8 terragrams or megatons) of the United States' CO2 emissions were from fossil fuel combustion3. On average approx. 38% of fossil fuel used is oil4, this means that oil contributed to about 37% of the total CO2 emissions in the United States in 2007.


Non-Annex I-

What it is:
Means that a party is included under the Kyoto Protocol but is not part of Annex I or Annex II and are developing countries. Countries that are under Non-Annex I can receive aid or sell carbon credits to countries that are listed under Annex II.
Stake Holders: Countries that are Non-Annex I are developing countries around the world. These countries are also those which are vulnerable to the impacts caused by Climate change. Countries that have low-lying coastal areas and areas that are prone to desertification and drought are part of the Non-Annex 1 countries. Other countries that are part of this group may also be vulnerable to the economic impacts of climate change response actions on their country. Countries under Non-Annex 1 include Bangladesh, Belize, China, India, Egypt, Pakistan, Uruguay, Iran and Mexico.
Carbon credits
What is being done at Copenhagen:
Concerns brought forth from CDM concerning cap and trade between Annex II and Non Annex I are being addressed at the conference by discussing insurance, technological transfer, and investment.

Annex I
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Community
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Monaco
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America

Annex II
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
European Economic Community
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America

Non Annex I:

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cuba
Cyprus
Côte d'Ivoire
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Fiji
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Ghana
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Israel
Jamaica
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Solomon Islands
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
United Arab Emirates
United Republic of Tanzania
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe