Adaptations—management strategies for unintended consequences to natural and human systems

external image clip_image001.png-human population and increasing pressure on biological
economical growth areas and ecosystems

-building another road near an already crowded road makes two crowded roads

Deforestation and converting rainforest into cropland
Displaces/kills animals, indigenous people eat this animals and can’t survive if animals is not present, releases lots of CO2
Introduction of exotic animals
Extinction of other native animal, explosion pop. In exotic animals (more harm than good done
Human activities on land
Sinking deltas
Oil drilling
Oil spills, gravel disruption
We don’t think about other cultures and the spiritual value they hold (wolves)
Cheap oil, Drilling rigs shut down (thought as good)
Loss of jobs
Energy related emissions
Increased disease, respiratory disease/infection,
Use of Coal
Outdoor air pollution
Use of cars/vehicles

Global warming reactions/so called “hysteria” (in article)
Climate change dilusion i.e. a girl refused to drink water, thought that hundreds of people would die if she drank any water
China manufacturing goods for the USA
Increased emissions
The industrial revolution
Mass amounts of CO2 in atmosphere
High birth rate/low death rate
Increasing food production for increasing human population
natural ecosystems are being replaced by agricultural systems, existing agricultural systems are being managed more intensely in order to keep up with the increasing demand for food.
- “the consequences of human action, not human design.”

2.the people that support this will want to look at these issues in copenhagen.
B. CDM—clean development mechanism
1. CDM is a proposition in which industrialized countries or their companies could earn “emission credits” while undeveloped countries could aquire technology and capital. Also, emission credits can be banked or sold. The CDM could grant “emission credits” for investments in emission-reducing projects located in developing countries.
- Fuel switching
- Gas capture or destruction
- Large hydro
- Renewable energy
- Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF): Afforestation and reforestation
- Transport
- Waste incineration
Currently, 4 CDM projects have been

-CDM is a market-based solution for addressing the problem of global warming. It builds on experience derived from various regional markets for atmospheric pollutants, most notably the United States’ experience with emissions trading under the Clean Air Act.43
-The CDM is the first atmospheric pollutant trading program that covers multiple gases and allows conversion between them through the medium of the common currency, CERs.

-The CDM people would be very interested in the COP15 conference and would want the political leaders to look into their proposition.

2. The stakeholders of this proposition would be the country leaders of the world and if they could ALL agree to this. Then it would take teamwork and cooperation to get this ball rolling. It would also take the teamwork of the leaders to decide where the projects would be done and the logistical aspect of it all.

3. Key issues/solutions or the potential good and bad of this proposition
Potential GOOD:
-helps developing countries become/start out with less emissions
- could be an incentive for developed countries help undeveloped countries
-reduces emissions in long run (from what they could be)
-based on trading
-CO2 emission reduction can happen in a developing country for a much lower cost than in a developed country
Potential BAD-
-Is another source of “ownership”for countries
-the cheapest and most rapid way of acquiring credits in this manner would be through the plantation of large tracts of land with monocultures of fast-growing tree species, sinks pose a serious and proven threat to the livelihoods, territories and cultural survival of indigenous peoples and rural communities